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A Non-Poet’s Notes on a Poetry Collection

On Franny Choi’s strange, new, delightful “Soft Science”

By Literature

Illustration by Shannon Lewis

Darshita, our lit editor, asked me to read “Soft Science,” a collection of poems published earlier this year by award-winning poet Franny Choi. Lending me her copy, she said she wanted my inexperienced eye: “I like the idea of approaching things without having prior expertise on them.” Indeed, I am no poet, nor, despite my English lit degree, have I taken a poetry-focused class since I was 18. I am unfamiliar with Franny Choi’s work, and with contemporary poetry at large — its trends, its conversations, its by-laws.

This collection, Darshita assures me, is different. “It’s weird,” she said.


  • Glossary/chart (as meaning-making). 
  • Bad Google translate as a writing tool. 
  • “Acknowledgements” but in the middle of the text.
  • Computer commands poem (“if:” “then {”)

The collection hovers at the edge of fiction, evoking in some poems a world like ours, and sometimes a future for it; the narrator sometimes seems to be Choi, coming to terms with her sexuality and the political landscape, but sometimes the narrator is a cyborg woman rebelling against sexual exploitation at the hands of men. 

What are the rules for these scores of new forms? The rules for how they fit together? Are there any? I scan for underlying principles, as I am accustomed to doing. But I cannot codify them.


  • “Program for the Morning After”
  • “You’re So Paranoid”
  • “Introduction to Quantum Theory”
  • “Kyoko’s Language Files Are Recovered Following Extensive Damage to her CPU” 

Kyoko, of the 2015 film “Ex Machina,” features prominently. She is an Asian cyborg woman, built for sex and unable to speak. In her existence and her treatment at the hands of the narrative, she is a profoundly disturbing character. Her poem comes last, but Kyoko as a cultural figure seems central to Choi’s conception of this collection.

The narrator repeats “Animal / Alien / Bitch / Stone” a few times in a few different poems, describing herself. Fish are mentioned throughout, a motif that develops many interesting valances. Choi shifts into fairy tales, ogres, at the 25 percent mark. It is true that fairy tales are eternal, or nearly eternal. But I am someone who believes a tighter rein makes a smoother piece, so this deviation seems messy to me. 


  • Napkin and pastry bag
  • Dried flower/unknown plant
  • Ticket to “Loving Vincent” at the Gene Siskel
  • Sticky tabs
  • bookmark
  • Seminary Co-op bookmark (with notes on it)
  • Printed program for an event at which Franny Choi spoke

I try to read without evaluating, which is hard. But there are many evaluators besides “good/bad.” Many of the poems pass me by without making an impression; many hit me in the gut. I think the gut is one of the places Franny would like me to read from. 


  • From “Bad Daughter” — “kept showing up / in new clothes, new names; then leaving”
    • “Beggars can’t be shepherds”
  • After many fish mentions: “I am a net.” (!!)


  • “Okay / so I’m both the woman holding the camera and the woman / being opened by it — nothing special about that.” (“Sokushu Goukan for the Cyborg Soul”) 

Poetry is an irresistible thing. After I finished “Soft Science” on the Red Line, I found myself scrawling a few lines of poetry — the first poetry I’ve written in years! — on the back of my notes about the book. I thought about it as I did, about all the friends and loved ones I know who wrote poetry, and the ancestors writing it back until the dawn of language. A lack of formal context was no problem, not really, not for a good collection of poems, because poetry has no fixed rules. 

Poetry is our most adaptable form, and it will devour and mimic everything we find important. It has been evolving since before the written word, and it will go on evolving after we are all consciousnesses uploaded to the cloud-hive. Choi understands that ceaseless tide, and with this book, she’s riding the crest of the wave

Leo Smith (BFA 2021) is a Managing Editor and former English student. Their vinyl collection consists of one (1) Tchaikovsky piano concerto.
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